Collins says in comparison to the remnants of other ancient cities in the region, Tall el-Hammam is likely the best candidate for the Old Testament city of Sodom
“Tall el-Hammam seemed to match every Sodom criterion demanded by the text,” Collins explained.
“Theorizing, on the basis of the Sodom texts, that Sodom was the largest of the Kikkar (the Jordan ‘Disk’, or ‘well-watered plain’ in the biblical text) cities east of the Jordan, I concluded that if one wanted to find Sodom, then one should look for the largest city on the eastern Kikkar that existed during the Middle Bronze Age, the time of Abraham and Lot. When we explored the area, the choice of Tall el-Hammam as the site of Sodom was virtually a no-brainer since it was at least five to ten times larger than all the other Bronze Age sites in the entire region, even beyond the Kikkar of the Jordan. The site is monstrous,” Collins added, noting it includes evidence from the Early Bronze Age (3500 – 2350 B.C.) of a 17-foot thick city wall made of mudbricks that possibly stretched 32 feet high.
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